Key Facts as India Surpasses China as the World’s Most Populous Country

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Posted Feb 23, 2023 | Pew Research Center

India is poised to become the world’s most populous country – surpassing China, which has held the distinction since at least 1950, when the United Nations population records begin. The UN expects that this will occur in April 2023, though it may have already reached this milestone, as the UN estimates are projections. In their Pew Research Center article, Laura Silver, Christine Huang and Laura Clancy note that India is estimated to have more than 1.4 billion people in 2023 – greater than the entire population of Europe (744 million) or the Americas (1.04 billion). China, too, has more than 1.4 billion people, but while China’s population is declining, India’s continues to grow. More than 40 percent of India’s population, roughly one-in-five people globally, is under the age of 25.


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